Sankashti Chaturthi is an auspicious day dedicated to Ganesha and most effective among all types of worship done to Lord Ganesh. This day is observed on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha (dark lunar phase) as per the Hindu calendar.
According to the Hindu calendar, each month has two Chaturthi Tithis. The Chaturthi Tithi after Purnima during Krishna Paksha is known as Sankashti Chaturthi and the Chaturthi Tithi after Amavasya during Shukla Paksha is known as Vinayaka Chaturthi.
Sankashti Chaturthi fasting is done every month. This fast is mostly observed in Western and Southern India especially in Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.
Sankashti Chaturthi Dates & Timings 2019
|January 24, 2019, Thursday||Lambodara Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 11:59 PM, Jan 23|
Ends – 08:54 PM, Jan 24
|February 22, 2019, Friday||Dwijapriya Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 10:50 AM, Feb 22|
Ends – 08:11 AM, Feb 23
|March 24, 2019, Sunday||Balachandran Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 10:32 PM, Mar 23|
Ends – 08:51 PM, Mar 24
|April 22, 2019, Monday||Vikata Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 11:25 AM, Apr 22|
Ends – 11:04 AM, Apr 23
|May 22, 2019, Wednesday||Ekadanta Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 01:40 AM, May 22|
Ends – 02:41 AM, May 23
|June 20, 2019, Thursday||Krishnapingala Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 05:08 PM, Jun 20|
Ends – 07:08 PM, Jun 21
|July 20, 2019, Saturday||Gajanana Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 09:14 AM, Jul 20|
Ends – 11:39 AM, Jul 21
|August 19, 2019, Monday||Heramba Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 01:13 AM, Aug 19|
Ends – 03:30 AM, Aug 20
|September 17, 2019, Tuesday||Vighnaraja Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 04:33 PM, Sep 17|
Ends – 06:12 PM, Sep 18
|October 17, 2019, Thursday||Vakratunda Sankashti Chaturthi,|
|Begins – 06:48 AM, Oct 17|
Ends – 07:29 AM, Oct 18
|November 15, 2019, Friday||Gandhipa Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 07:46 PM, Nov 15|
Ends – 07:15 PM, Nov 16
|December 15, 2019, Sunday||Akhuratha Sankashti Chaturthi||Begins – 07:18 AM, Dec 15|
Ends – 05:34 AM, Dec 16
Notes: All timings are represented in 12-hour format as per the local time of New Delhi, India. Also, the fasting day for Sankashti Chaturthi might differ for two cities within the same state.
Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat
Devotees of Lord Ganesha keep fast from sunrise to moonrise on Sankashti Chaturthi. It is believed that one can get rid of all obstacles by observing this fast.
The fast is supposed to be strict and only fruit, roots (the part of a plant which is below ground) and vegetable products are supposed to be consumed. The staple Indian diet on Sankashti Chaturthi includes Sabudana Khichadi, potato and peanuts. Devotees break the fast at night after sighting of the moon.
If continuous full day fast is not possible, especially for the pregnant ladies, then milk and fruits can be taken.
Sankashti Chaturthi Celebration
In North India, Sankashti Chaturthi during Magha month is known as Sakat Chauth. Also, Vinayaka Chaturthi during Bhadrapada month is known as Ganesha Chaturthi. Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated by Hindus all over the world as the birthday of Lord Ganesha.
Sankashti Chaturthi is also known as Ganesh Sankatahara or Sankatahara Chaturthi among Tamil Hindus.
What is the history and story of Sankashti Chaturthi?
There is an interesting story related to the importance of Sankashti Chaturthi. Once Lord Indra was returning to his home after meeting a sage. On his way back, Indra’s celestial plane lost its supernatural powers and fell down over the kingdom of King Shursen. Seeing Lord Indra, King Shursen came to greet him. At this, Indra told the King about the mishap and asked him for a favour.
It was believed that only the person who kept the fast of Sankashti Chaturthi holds the power to restart the celestial vehicle of Indra. The King then gave instructions to his soldiers to search for the person who had observed the fast of Sankashti Chaturthi on the previous day. But the soldiers found no one had observed the Vrat.
During that time, the soldiers were carrying a prisoner who had died that morning. Indra asked why a sinner is being carried by them. The soldiers replied that the sinner had fallen sick the previous day (Sankashti Chaturthi) and therefore did not eat anything for the whole day till the morning when she died. Therefore, though unintentionally but she fasted on the day of Sankashti Chaturthi.
Just then a wind passed by, first touching the dead sinner’s corpse and then touched Indra’s plane and eventually it restarted. Thus, it is said that the merits gained from the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat and Puja are so auspicious and powerful that it can remove all the obstacles and troubles from your life, provided it is done with full devotion and sincerity towards Lord Ganesha.
Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat (fast) and puja are also described in the Bavishyat Purana and Narasimha Purana, where we find Lord Krishna narrating the efficacy of Sankashti Chaturthi to Yudhishtira.
What are the benefits of Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat?
- Sankashti means deliverance during troubled times. Lord Ganesha, the supreme lord of intelligence, symbolizes the remover of all obstacles.
- It is believed that the Vrat observed on this day can remove all the hurdles from your path of achieving success, peace and happiness.
- It can relieve men of all their sins and confer a place in the abode of Lord Ganesh called Svananda Loka and help in gaining Moksha (Salvation) i.e freedom from the cycle of rebirth.
Apart from this, the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat can also be done to
- Get rid of the obstacles for marriages.
- Be blessed with children.
- Meet lost relatives.
- Get relieved of all bad effects in their horoscope.
- Remove Kuja dosha or Mangal Dosh.
When should I perform the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat?
Sankashti Chaturthi is observed in every lunar month of the Hindu calendar on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha. The day is also called as Sankata Hara Chaturthi, exclusively devoted to Lord Ganesha.
Although Sankashti Chaturthi falls every month, but as per the Purnimant School the most important Sankashti Chaturthi falls in the month of Magha, and as per the Amavasyant School, the month of Paush.
The Sankashti Chaturthi falling on Tuesdays is also called as Angarki Sankashti Chaturthi (Angarak is the Sanskrit term denoting Mars – the Lord of Tuesday). Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi is considered highly important among all Sankashti Chaturthi days.
During each month, Ganesha is worshipped with a different name and Peeta (seat). The ‘Sankashta Ganapathi Pooja’ prayer is performed on the Sankashti Chaturthi day of each month. Each Vratha (strict fast) has a purpose and has a story of its own called the Vratha Katha. This prayer offering has 13 Vratha Kathas, one for each month and the 13th story is for Adhika (The Hindu calendar has one extra month every 4 years).
The Sankasta Ganapathi Pooja – 13 Names and Peetas
|Month||Name of Ganesha of which the pooja is performed||Name of the peeta|
|Chaitra Masa||Vikata Maha Ganapati||Vinayaka Peeta|
|Vaishakha Masa||Chanakra Raja Ekadanta Ganapathi||Srichakra Peeta|
|Jeshtha Masa||Krishna Pingala Maha Ganapati||Sri Shakthi Ganapathi Peeta|
|Ashadha Masa||Gajaanana Ganapati||Vishnu Peeta|
|Shravana Masa||Heramba Maha Ganapati||Ganapathi Peeta|
|Bhadrapada Masa||Vignaraja Maha Ganapati||Vigneshwara Peeta|
|Ashweeja Masa||Vakrathunda Maha Ganapati||Bhuvaneshwari Peeta|
|Karthika Masa||Ganadipa Maha Ganapati||Shiva Peeta|
|Margashira Masa||Akuratha Maha Ganapati||Durga Peeta|
|Pushya Masa||Lambodara Maha Ganapati||Soura Peeta|
|Magha Masa||Dwijapriya Maha Ganapati||Samanya deva Peeta|
|Phalguna Masa||Balachandra Maha Ganapati||Agama Peeta|
|Adhika Masa||Vibhuvana Palaka Maha Ganapati||Doorva Bilva Patra Peeta|
What is the procedure of performing the Sankasthi Chaturthi Vrat?
Sankasthi Chaturthi Morning Pooja
To perform morning pooja, you need to take bath early in the morning and offer a simple prayer to Lord Vinayaka (Lord Ganesha) by chanting the below slokas:
Mooshika vaahana modhaha hastha
Chamara karna vilambitha suthra
Vamana rupa maheswara puthra
Vigna vinayaga padha namaste
Then you need to light a lamp with Ghee or oil and chant 108 names of Ganesha. The Chants are favourite to Lord Ganesha and has to be recited thrice.
Sankashti Chaturthi Evening Pooja
Sankashti Chaturthi puja is usually done in the evenings. The idol of Lord Ganesh is decorated with flowers. Durva grass and fresh flowers are offered. The Prasad made for the occasion include modak and those items and sweets which are liked by Lord Ganesh. You can also offer banana, boondi ladoos, coconut and milk to the Lord.
At the end of the puja a Vrat katha, specific to the month in which the Puja is being performed, is read. The devotees must chant the mantras and stotras dedicated to Lord Ganesh. The fast is completed after the puja and sighting the moon. Offerings made to moon god include sandal paste, water, rice and flowers.
Sankashti Chaturthi Stothram – READ FULL
Om Pranamya Sirasa devam Gauri Puthram Vinayakam
Bhaktavasam Smarennithyam Ayuh Kamartha Siddaye (1)
Prathamam Vakrathundam cha Ekadantham Dvithiyakam
Thrithiyam Krishna Pingaaksham Gajavakthram Chathurthakam (2)
Lambodaram Panchamam cha Shashtam Vikatameva cha
Saptamam Vighna Rajam cha Dhoomravarnam thathashtakam (3)
Navamam Phala Chandram cha Dasamam thu Vinayakam
Ekadasam Ganapathim Dwadasam thu Gajananam (4)
Dwadasaithani Namaani Thri Sandhyam Yah Pathennarah
Na cha Vighna Bhayam thasya Sarva Siddhi karim Prabho (5)
Vidyarthi Labhate Vidyam Dhanarthi Labhate Dhanam
Puthrarthi Labhate Putraam Mokshaarthi Labhate Gatim (6)
Japeth Ganapthi Stotram Shadbhirmaasai Phalam Labheth,
Samvatsarena Siddhim cha Labhate Naathra Samsayaha (7)
Ashtabhyo Brahmanebhyash cha Likhitwa yah Samarpayeth
Thasya Vidya bhavetsarva Ganeshasya Prasadathaha (8)
Ithi Sri Narada Purane Sankashta Nashana Ganapathi Sthothram Sampoornam.
Related Videos on Sankashti Chaturthi Puja
What are the materials required for the Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja?
Materials needed for the puja are as follows:
For the puja, you will need-
- One Ganpati idol or photo (handmade or readily bought from market)
- Dhoop, Deep
- White sesame seeds
- Flowers especially Hibiscus or any red colour flower is considered favourite of Lord Ganesha.
- Dhruva twigs three, five or seven (We can worship with 21 or more twigs and at least one )
- Coconut (Breaking coconut in the name of Lord Ganesha is considered highly pious and auspicious as it drives away all the negative energy from your house and soul, and fills it with positivity.)
For the Prasad, you will need-
- Milk, Banana and Coconut.
- Modak, ladoos and those items or sweets which are liked by Ganesh.
- Payasam or Kheer made at home.
- Five kinds of whole fruits.
Where to perform the Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja?
The Puja can be performed easily at your home itself. But if anyone wants then the puja can also be conducted in any Ganpati temple near to your house or choice.
The rituals, puja and vrat can be done by yourself or by the priest, it depends totally on your choice.
What dress should I wear while performing the Sankasthi Chaturthi Vrat?
There is no such specification regarding the attire to be worn during the puja. One can wear any traditional dress. Ladies can wear sari or suits, and the men can wear dhoti or kurta-pyjamas.