Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple is also known as Sri Muthappan temple which is one of the famous Hindu temples. It is situated on the banks of the Valapattanam river about 10 km away from Taliparamba town in Kannur District of Kerala State. The main deity of worship in the temple is Sree Muthappan that is an indication of 2 mythical characters named Thiruvappana and Vellattam.
Parassini Madappura Sree Muthappan Temple is not a Kshethram but it is a Madappura. Sree Muthappan is always accompanied by a dog.
The ritual performers of Muthappan Theyyam belong to the tribal community of Kerala. It is unique because in Kerala both the upper-caste Brahmins, and the lower-caste tribals have a significant contribution to the major forms of worship. The devotees can interact with God as they pour out their grievances in a chat with the tastefully decorated Muthappan Theyyam.
History and Legend of Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple
- The Naduvazhi (landlord) Ayyankara Illath Vazhunnavar was unhappy as he had no child. His wife Padikutty Antharjanam was a devotee of Lord Shiva. She offered several things as a sacrifice to the God Shiva. One day in her dream she saw the Lord. The very next day, while she was returning after a bath from a nearby river, saw a pretty child lying in a flower bed. She took the child home and brought him up as her own son.
- The boy would take food with the poor and with the backward communities. As these acts were against the Namboothiri way of life, his parents earnestly requested him to stop this practice.
- One day the boy went to his parents and shown his parents his divine form (visvaroopam) with bow and arrow and fiery eyes. His parents understood that the boy was not an ordinary child but God.
- After revealing himself he left his house and on the way he got associated with toddy. Once a toddy tapper saw him stealing toddy and he tried to attack with his bow and arrow but fell unconscious. Toddy tapper’s wife begged by him to spare his life by calling him Muthappa with respect and since then he came to be known a Muthappan. He made his abode near valapattanam river in Parassinikadavu.
- The deity here is an embodiment of the divine powers of Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu. The deity is also known as Thiruvappana and Vellattam. The ritual conducted in this temple is totally different and does not follow the satvik Brahminical form of worship as in other Hindu temples. The customary offerings to appease the deity of this temple are fish, meat and toddy.
Significance of Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple
- Here dogs are considered sacred and can be seen in large numbers around the temple. Two carved bronze dogs at the entrance of the temple symbolize the bodyguards of the God. The temple is dedicated to Lord Muthappan, believed to be the incarnation of Lord Shiva.
- Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple is the only temple in Kerala where the Folk art form of North Kerala ‘Theyyam’ is presented daily. This centre of worship and faith has in store many unique practices and rituals, and the temple architecture itself stands testimony to this aspect.
- Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple is also a popular destination for travellers and pilgrims to savour the charm of Theyyam. A ritual that is performed here on a daily basis. Men adorning masks and costumes with a riot of colours perform this temple art form. It represents the conflict between good and evil, with good ultimately emerging victorious.
Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple Timings
- Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple starts function from early morning to late night with few breaks in between for rituals to be performed.
- Vellattam and Thiruvappana are performed every morning from 5.45 AM to 8 AM. Vellattam are also performed at evening by around 6.30 PM.
- Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple remains open from 5 AM to in the morning to 8:00 PM in the evening.
Festivals celebrated at the Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple
Puthari Thiruvappana festival
Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple Festival or Utsavam is the main festival celebrated at Parassini Madappura Sree Muthappan Temple. It falls during the Malayalam month of Vrischikam (November end – December half) every year. The Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple Festival starts as per customary rituals at the Madamana Illam in the morning. Also known as Puthari Thiruvappana festival (Parassinikadavu Ulsavam), the Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple festival is related to the harvest celebration of local people. Every year the festival begins on 16th Vrischikam in the traditional Malayalam Calendar. During this harvest festival, people celebrate “puthari”. A grand ceremonial feast will be conducted at the temple for devotees.
It is associated with the harvesting season of the region. The last Thiruvappana of the temple year is on 30 Kanni every year.
Thiruvappana is not performed on the following days:
- Thulam 1st to Vrischikam 15th every year.
- Amaavasi (new moon) day of Karkkitakam and Thulam.
- “Nira” day of the temple.
- When there is a death in the Madappura family.
Poojas and Rituals at Sree Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple
- Avoid shirts, skirts, tank tops and so not expose legs. Footwear is not allowed inside the temple. Use of cellphones and photography is strictly prohibited.
- The traditional offerings made to Sree Muthappan by devotees are Panamkutty, Vellattam and Thiruvappana. The offerings to the prime priest, Matayan, are Vecheringat (a boiled mixture of banana, pepper, turmeric powder and salt), Neerkari (a mixture of raw rice powder, salt, turmeric powder and pepper), boiled gram, or coconut slices. Toddy and burnt dry fish are also used as offerings.
- The deity worshipped in this temple is Sree Muthappan. All the main poojas are performed by the Thiyyas of Parassini Muthappan family. In special cases, Brahmins and Madayans together perform poojas in Sreekovil.
- Before entering the main temple one needs to climb down the steps to reach the river and clean the body. After cleaning, enter the inner premises of the temple. Pray before Muthappan and put some money into the box provided.
- After having your food, you can go to the office and pay if you have anything to offer. One can pay cash for the same and get a receipt from the counter.
How to reach: Road, Rail and Air
By Air: Karipur International Airport at Kozhikode is the nearest airport. It is about 93 km from Kannur town. Mangalore Airport is about 120 km away.
By Train: Kannur Railway Station is an important railhead in Konkan Railway. It is the nearest railway station about 16 km from the temple.
By Road: Located at a distance of around 20 kilometres from Kannur, the Parassinikadavu Sri Muthappan Temple is a very popular pilgrim site and is visited by many devotees on a daily basis. Parassinikadavu Muthappan Temple is just 20 km from Kannur town.
Where to stay
Contact: Opp. AKG Mandiram, Temple Road, Parassinikadavu, Kannur- 670563
Contact: Nr.Sri Muthappan Temple, Parassinikadavu, Kannur, Kerala 670563
Contact: Parassinikadavu, Kannur, Kerala – 670563
Hotel Well View
Contact: Near Muthappan Temple, Parassinikkadavu, Kannur-670 563, Kerala
Contact: Hotel Polariz, PO Kalliassery, Mangad, Near Snake Park, Kannur -670 562, Kerala
Where to eat
- The lane leading to the temple is full of tea shops offering a variety of delicious dishes. Breakfast consists of rice which is light and wholesome; Puttu, a steamed rice flour dish is eaten with coconut scrapings, banana and sugar. Appam is another rice and coconut preparation fermented with toddy and made into a spongy pancake with crispy lacy frills eaten with coconut milk and sugar or Idiyappam. Rice flour pressed through a mould to resemble fine strings and then steamed are some of the dishes offered.
- Another popular breakfast item is a rice and dal combination like idli and dosa accompanied by coconut chutney and sambar. Lunch and supper are unpolished rice, fish curry and vegetables. Evening tea is accompanied by the boiled green gram with coconut pieces topped with a plantain. A non-vegetarian delicacy is stewed clams, a shellfish with hinged shell, from Valapattanam river. Food is served on a banana leaf, the tip of the leaf placed to the left of the diner.
- Devotes of all castes and beliefs come in hundreds and throng the courtyard. They are given generous quantities of Prasadam or sacred ashes as Muthappan bestows his blessings upon all his devotees.
- Parassini Madappura provides free lunch to students from the temple oottuPura, irrespective of caste and religion. Almost all students from Parassinikadavu LP and UP school have their lunch from the Parassini Madappura Oottupura.
Sri Rajarajeswara Temple: Rajarajeswara Temple is situated 20 km from Kannur of Kerala state, south India. It is near Taliparamba town, famous for its spices trade. The temple is believed to have got the name from Thiru Shambara or the holy shambara in reverence to Maharishi Shambara. The Shiva Lingam here is believed to be several thousands of years old. The Rajarajeswara temple in Thaliparamba in Kannur district is one of the famous Shiva Temples in Kerala in general and in North Malabar in particular.
Trichambaram Sree Krishna Temple: Trichambaram Krishna Temple is an 11th-century shrine situated at Trichambaram, just 2 km south of Taliparamba in Kannur District. It is 20 km from Kannur on National Highway 17. The temple dedicated to Lord Krishna is one of the best known Krishna temples in Kerala. The temple is of great archaeological importance. The sanctum sanctorum is double storied and has a pyramid-shaped copper roof with a golden stupa (pinnacle) at the top. The sanctum has beautiful carvings and murals which date back to the 15th and 16th centuries.
Kalarivathukkal Temple: Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy Temple, Bhadrakali Shrine located near Valapattanam river. It is the family shrine of Chirakkal Royal Family. The deity of the shrine is the fierce form of Bhadrakali. Kalarivathukkal Bhagavathy is considered as the mother of the ancient martial art Kalarippayattu and hence the name. The shrine is administered by Malabar Devaswom Board and classified as Category A Temple of the board. Kalarivathukkal has come from the word Kalari Vaatilkal.