Ranchi is a historic town of Jharkhand. The Jagannath Temple Ranchi is a religious landmark of the town. Jagannath Temple is located at 10 km from the main city. Built over a small hillock, you can get a beautiful view of the surroundings from the temple. If tourists are not able to climb the hilltop, they can use the optional vehicle route. The Jagannath Temple is located at the Dhurva region of Ranchi. There are two large water tanks located within the temple complex. Hence if you are tired after walking so many stairs, there is enough space to rest and water to quench your thirst. The Jagannath Temple, Ranchi is very neat and clean, providing ample space to sit and relax in the soothing environment. There is no entry fee to the temple.
Jagannath Temple Ranchi History
Jagannath Temple is a historical spot of Ranchi.
- The Jagannath Temple of Ranchi was built in 1691. It was built by king Thakur Ani Nath Shahdeo of Barkagarh. A marble slab outside the sanctum informs about the founder and the foundation year of the temple.
- It is believed that the Jagannath Temple was constructed to revive the faith and belief of the tribal in Hindu religion. As during the 17th century, many people started leaving Hinduism, the believers of Hinduism started erecting temples like the Jagannath Temple to retain the identity of Hinduism.
- The temple collapsed in 1990. The then Bihar government renovated the temple and now it has regained its lost glory.
- The original shrine was built in the form of a fort.
Significance of the Jagannath Temple, Ranchi
- The Jagannath Temple Ranchi is almost a replica of the famous Jagannath Temple of Puri, Orissa. However, it is comparatively smaller in size than the Jagannath Temple of Puri.
- Jagannatha, Balbhadra and Subhadra are worshiped at the temple. All the deities are engraved out of neem wood.
- The temple is exquisite with intricate carvings. The temple is colourful with unique blend of colours. The interiors of the temple are in the form of a fort.
- The Jagannath Temple Ranchi has been built in the Kalinga style of architecture. There is a tall sanctum within the temple. The temple also consists of a Jagamohana and Nata Mandir.
- The temple is especially important for devotees belonging to the Vaishnavism cult. As per Hindu mythology, Lord Jagannath is considered to be the Lord of the Universe. The worship of Lord Jagannath and the foundation of the temple dates back to the glorious past of Vaishnavism and its founder, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. The deities are not very simple here, without much jewellery and clothes.
- The deity of Lord Hanumana is present inside the gates of the temple, symbolizing to be a guard of the Lord, while outside the temple you can find the statue of Garuda.
Jagannath Temple, Ranchi Timings
The temple can be visited throughout the year. Tourists are suggested to visit the temple at dawn or dusk, as the surroundings look heavenly during sunrise and sunset. Summer is considered as the best time to visit the temple as the largest festival of the temple, Rath Yatra takes place at this time.
- The Jagannath Temple of Ranchi is open on all the days.
- It is open from 5 am to 12 pm and again from 3 pm to 6 pm.
- The temple is closed at afternoon, from 12.00 pm to 3.00 pm.
Jagannath Temple, Ranchi Food Timings
After worship of the deity, prasadam is served to the devotees. The prasadam is also delivered online by the temple committee, which you can receive 15- 45 days.
Dress Code at Jagannath Temple Ranchi
- There is no such dress code at the Jagannath Temple of Ranchi. But as per the standard of any Hindu temple of India, devotees are expected to be in covered dresses.
- Devotees need to leave their footwear outside the temple.
Festivals celebrated at the Jagannath Temple Ranchi
Jagannath Temple is the largest shrine of Ranchi. Hence numerous devotees gather here every day to offer their prayers to Lord Jagannath. Almost every day some or the other function takes place at the temple premises.
Rath Yatra: Rath Yatra, also known as the Car Festival, is the prime festival celebrated at the Jagannath Temple of Ranchi. The celebration takes place during the Hindu month of Asadh, on Ashad Shukla Dwitiya. This is the second day of the fortnight of Ashad, which generally occurs during June or July.
During the festival, the deities are brought to Mausi Bari, that is, the home of the aunt. Numerous people follow the journey pulling the ropes of the chariot. This is considered to be a pious act by the devotees. The deities are kept in Mausi Bari for six days. On the seventh day, the chariot returns to the Jagannath temple with the deities. The return journey is known as Ghurti Rath Yatra. Thousands of devotees folk here during the Rath Yatra as it is believed that Lord Jagannath opens His eyes during this time to bless the worshippers.
One of the prime attractions of the festival is that lot of tribal people gather at the annual fair. From folk song and dance to local handicrafts, the Ratha Yatra of Jagannath Temple of Ranchi is more than a religious festival. The annual fair is held for a week and is known as Jagannath Mela.
Kalash Sthapna: Before the main event of Ratha Yatra, events like Kalash Sthapna, Pran Prathistha and Bhandara take place at the temple complex. The eyes of the deities are also painted before Ratha Yatra.
Snan Yatra: This is another auspicious day that is celebrated with great pomp and show at the Jagannath Temple of Ranchi. The event generally occurs on the full moon, known as Purnima during the Hindu month of Jyeshtha, which is May or June. Lots of pilgrims gather at the temple to witness the holy event in which Lord Jagannath, Lord Balaram and Goddess Subhadra are bathed. In this festival each God is bathed with 51 pots (also known as kalash) of water.
Krishna Janmasthami: This is another important festival celebrated at the Jagannath temple. Lord Krishna is considered to be another incarnation of Lord Jagannath. The festival takes place during the Hindu month of Shravan, which is generally the month of August. The devotees fast till the worship proceedings complete in the evening.
Poojas and Rituals at Jagannath Temple, Ranchi
The worship of Lord Jagannath at this temple is quite different from other Hindu temple. Here the priests are known as Panda. Devotees can bath in the river and then worship the deity.
- The worship starts with offering flowers and food to Lord Jagannath. At afternoon, the deities are offered lunch, known as Bhog.
- The evening aarti of the Jagannath Temple is serene.
How to reach: Road, Rail and Air
By Air: The nearest airport to the Jagannath temple is the Ranchi airport. The airport is located approximately at 5 km from the shrine. There are several flights from Kolkata, Patna and Delhi to Ranchi. The Ranchi airport is located at 7 km from the main city. The Kolkata international airport is the nearest international airport to the temple. Tourists can avail direct prepaid taxis from Kolkata airport to Ranchi.
By Train: The nearest railway station to the Jagannath Temple is the Hatia railway station. There are auto rickshaws and taxis available from the railway station that cab takes you to the temple.
By Road: The nearest taxi stand to the temple is Line Tank Rd, Deputy Para, Ahirtoli of Ranchi. Auto rickshaws are the common mode of transport within the city. There are several local buses that regularly ply from different parts of the city to the Jagannath Temple.
Hotels in Ranchi: Where to stay
Ranchi is the capital city of Jharkhand. The business hub of the state has both budget and premium accommodation for travellers. Tourists generally refer the guests houses maintained by the Tourism Authority of Ranchi, due to the low prices. The Park Inn and Hotel the Raso are the nearest hotels to the Jagannath Temple, located just at 4.4 km. Hotel Palash Residency, Hotel Green Acres. Hotel Emerald, Hotel Jalsa Grand and Hotel Ranchi Ashok are the other options.
Where to eat
There are several eat outs located near the Jagannath Temple. Tourists can relish tasty food here. The Modern Bakery, Shri Krishna Restaurant, Flaves, Bindas Bavarchi Restaurant, Zero Mile Restaurant and Chinar Restaurant are some of the hygienic and popular eateries near the temple.
There are several other temples built near the Jagannath Temple Ranchi.
- Mausi Bari: This is the nearest shrine to the Jagannath Temple. Lord Narayana and Goddess Lakshmi are the presiding deities of this temple. The Jagannath Temple lies at the background of Mausi Bari.
- Pahari Temple: This temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. You can get a glimpse of the Pahari Temple from the Jagannath Temple. This temple is also located on top of a hill, known as the Ranchi hill. It lies at a height of 2140 feet. It is believed that wishes get fulfilled here. Pilgrims gather here during the holy month of Shravan to offer water to the God.
- Angrabadi Temple: The temple is situated at Khunti. Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesha, Lord Rama, Sita Devi and Lord Hanumana are worshipped here.
- Sun Temple: The Sun Temple is another attraction of the city. The temple is in the shape of a large vehicle which is driven by 7 horses and comes with 18 wheels. Devotees take a dip in the holy waters of the nearby pond and offer prayers to the Sun God.
- Deori Temple: The Deori Temple is another ancient temple of Ranchi. This temple is dedicated to Solahbhuji Devi. This deity is an incarnation of Goddess Kali. The idol comes with 16 arms. The temple is made of sandstone. The walls and pillars of the shrine are colourful with paintings of Hindu gods and goddesses.
- The Radha Ballabh Temple: This temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna and his consort, Radha. Holi and Janmasthami are the major festivals celebrated at this ancient shrine.
Besides worshipping at the Jagannath Temple, visitors can enjoy boating at the nearby river.