Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple

Tirumala Tirupati Balaji – History and Legends

Tirumala Tirupati Balaji has its own history which dates back to many centuries.

History of Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple

  • Tirupati Balaji Temple is believed to have been built by King Thondaiman at the end of the 8th century AD. He was the ruler of the Tamil ancient kingdom called Thondaimandala.
  • The temple also received patronage from several dynasties like the Pallavas (9th century), the Cholas (10th century) and highly from the Vijayanagara kingdom in the 14th century.
  • Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagara kingdom donated abundantly and renovated the temple periodically by adding new structures to it.
Tirumala Tirupati Balaji History
Krishnadevaraya of the Vijayanagar Kingdom renovated the temple.

Legends of Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple

Tirumala Tirupati Balaji Temple and its legends are mentioned in various historical manuscripts and also in various Puranas. Let’s read some associated stories about Tirumala.

1) Legend of Lord Varaha Swamy

It is generally believed that Lord Vishnu as Venkateshwara made Tirumala hill Venkatadri as his home 5000 years ago when the Kaliyuga started. But originally, the Tirumala hill was an abode of Lord Varaha Swamy. Hence, Venkateshwara took the land of Tirumala hill from Varaha Swami. In return, Venkateshwara gave him a promise that he would be paid the first darshan and offerings from the devotees.

Hence, all the devotees have to pay the first darshan to Varaha Swamy whose temple is present at the foothills of Venkateshwara Temple. After that, they can proceed to the Tirumala temple. A copper plaque near the deity can still be seen which is said to be the written agreement deed presented by Lord Venkateswara to Varahaswami.

2) Legend of Adishesha

During Dwaparayuga, Lord Vayu went to Vaikuntha to visit Lord Vishnu but was stopped by Adisesha who was guarding them. Lord Vayu entered into a battle with Adisesha. Lord Vishnu intervened and then decided to test their strength. He suggested that Adisesha should surround the Ananda hill, and Vayu dev should try to displace the hill from his hold.

The powerful wind that Vayu blew was destructive. Hence, to save the world, Brahma, Indra, and other Gods helped Vayu to dislodge Adisesha’s hold. Later, Lord Vishnu calmed the angry Adisesha by giving him a boon. The gift was that he would join the Venkatadri hills and become an abode of Lord Vishnu. Adisesha accepted and became Venkatadri.

3) Legend of Lakshmi and Padmavati

Akasa Raja, the Chola king, found a baby in a Lotus flower and named her Princess Padmavati. Lord Vishnu was incarnated as Srinivasa, the son of Vakula Mallika Devi. Padmavati and Srinivasa met in the forests during a hunt and fell in love with each other.

Srinivasa masked as a fortune-teller went to meet Padmavati. And, Vakula Devi went to Akasa Raja with the proposal of Srinivasa’s marriage with Padmavati. Srinivasa, as a fortune-teller, told that Padmavati is destined to marry Vishnu as Srinivasa. Delighted Akasa Raja gave his approval, and both of them got married.

After six months of the marriage, Lakshmi returned to Vishnu in disbelief. Vishnu turned himself into a granite statue in front of his two spouses. Then, Brahma and Shiva explained Lakshmi the circumstances of the wedding with Padmavati. Later, Goddess Lakshmi and Padmavati also turned themselves into granite to be with their lord and resided on the left and the right sides respectively.

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