Sankashti Chaturthi Puja is the best and most effective among all types of worship done to Lord Ganesh. According to the Hindu calendar, each month has two Chaturthi Tithis. The Chaturthi Tithi after Purnima during Krishna Paksha is known as Sankashti Chaturthi and the Chaturthi Tithi after Amavasya during Shukla Paksha is known as Vinayaka Chaturthi.
The Sankashti Chaturthi falling on Tuesdays is also called as Angarika Sankashti Chaturthi (Angarak is the Sanskrit term denoting Mars – the Lord of Tuesday) which is the most auspicious of the Sankashti Chaturthis. This year it falls on 17 September 2019.
What is the history of Sankashti Chaturthi?
There is an interesting story related to the importance of Sankashti Chaturthi. There was a sage named Bhrushundi, his devotion towards Lord Ganesha made him very powerful and hence he was visited by many followers for his blessings. Once Lord Indra after meeting the sage, on his way back to his house flew over the kingdom of King Shursen.
Coincidentally a sinner in the kingdom looked towards the plane of Indra. Affected by his sinful looks Indra’s celestial plane lost all its supernatural powers and fell down. Seeing Lord Indra, King Shursen came to greet him and receive his blessings. At this Indra told the King about the mishap occurred to him and asked him for a favour.
As the previous day was Sankashti Chaturthi thus anyone in his kingdom, who had gained ‘Punya’ (merits) for keeping the fast of Sankashti Chaturthi, could give the merits to Indra to restart his celestial flight. The King gave instructions to his soldiers to search for anyone of that sort, but they found no one had observed the vrat. During that time, a sinner who had died that morning was being carried to Sivananda Loka (abode of Lord Ganesh).
Indra asked why a sinner is being carried by them. The soldiers of Lord Ganesha replied that the sinner had fallen sick the previous day (Sankashti Chaturthi) and therefore did not eat anything for the whole day till the morning when she died. Therefore, though unintentionally but she fasted on the day of Sankashti Chaturthi hence she had attained a lot of merits. And that is why she has secured a place for herself in Sivananda Loka.
Just then a wind passed by touching the dead sinner’s corpse and then touched Indra’s plane and eventually it restarted. Thus, it is said rightfully said that the merits gained from the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat and Puja are so auspicious and powerful that it can remove all the obstacles and troubles from your life, provided it is done with full devotion and sincerity towards Lord Ganesha.
What are the benefits of Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat?
- The name Sankashti Chaturthi means the day which dispels all the difficulties and hurdles.
- It is believed that the vrat observed on this day can remove all the hurdles from your path of achieving success, peace and happiness.
- It can relieve men of all their sins and confer a place in the abode of Lord Ganesh called Svananda Loka and help in gaining Myoksha (Salvation) i.e freedom from the cycle of rebirth.
Apart from this, the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat can also be done to
- Get rid of the obstacles for marriages.
- Be blessed with children.
- Meet lost relatives.
- Get relieved of all bad effects in their horoscope.
- Remove Kuja dosha or Mangal Dosh.
When should I perform the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat?
Sankashti Chaturthi is observed in every lunar month of the Hindu calendar on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha. The day is also called as Sankata Hara Chaturthi, exclusively devoted to Lord Ganesha.
Although Sankashti Chaturthi falls every month, but as per the Purnimant School the most important Sankashti Chaturthi falls in the month of Magha, and as per the Amavasyant School, the month of Paush.
A Sankashti Chaturthi if falling on a Tuesday is called Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi which is considered highly felicitous and significant among all Sankashti Chaturthi days.
During each month, Ganesha is worshipped with a different name and peeta (seat). The ‘Sankashta Ganapathi Pooja’ prayer is performed on the Sakashti Chaturthi day of each month. Each Vratha (strict fast) has a purpose and has a story of its own called the Vratha Katha. This prayer offering has 13 Vratha Kathas, one for each month and the 13th story is for adhika (The Hindu calendar has one extra month every 4 years). The uniqueness of this Vratha is that the story pertaining to that month alone has to be recited.
The Sankasta Ganapathi Pooja – 13 Names and Peetas
|Month||Name of Ganesha of which the pooja is performed||Name of the peeta|
|Chaitra Masa||Vikata Maha Ganapati||Vinayaka Peeta|
|Vaishakha Masa||Chanakra Raja Ekadanta Ganapathi||Srichakra Peeta|
|Jeshtha Masa||Krishna Pingala Maha Ganapati||Sri Shakthi Ganapathi Peeta|
|Ashadha Masa||Gajaanana Ganapati||Vishnu Peeta|
|Shravana Masa||Heramba Maha Ganapati||Ganapathi Peeta|
|Bhadrapada Masa||Vignaraja Maha Ganapati||Vigneshwara Peeta|
|Ashweeja Masa||Vakrathunda Maha Ganapati||Bhuvaneshwari Peeta|
|Karthika Masa||Ganadipa Maha Ganapati||Shiva Peeta|
|Margashira Masa||Akuratha Maha Ganapati||Durga Peeta|
|Pushya Masa||Lambodara Maha Ganapati||Soura Peeta|
|Magha Masa||Dwijapriya Maha Ganapati||Samanya deva Peeta|
|Phalguna Masa||Balachandra Maha Ganapati||Agama Peeta|
|Adhika Masa||Vibhuvana Palaka Maha Ganapati||Doorva Bilva Patra Peeta|
What is the procedure of performing the Sankasthi Chaturthi Vrat?
Sankasthi Chaturthi Morning Pooja
To perform morning pooja you need to take bath early in the morning and offer a simple prayer to Lord Vinayaga (Lord Ganesha) by chanting the below slokas:
Mooshika vaahana modhaha hastha
Chamara karna vilambitha suthra
Vamana rupa maheswara puthra
Vigna vinayaga padha namaste
Then you need to light a lamp with Ghee or oil and chant 108 names of Ganesha. The Chants are favourite to Lord Ganesha and has to be recited thrice.
Sankashti Chaturthi Evening Pooja
Sankashti Chaturthi vrat (fast) and puja are described in the Bavishyat Purana and Narasimha Purana, where we find Lord Krishna narrating the efficacy of Sankashti Chaturthi to Yudhishtira.
Sankashti Chaturthi puja is usually done in the evenings. The idol of Lord Ganesh is decorated with flowers. Durva grass and fresh flowers are offered. The Prasad made for the occasion include modak and those items and sweets which are liked by Lord Ganesh. You can also offer banana, boondi ladoos, coconut and milk to the Lord. At the end of the puja a Vrat katha, specific to the month in which the Puja is being performed, is read. The devotees must chant the mantras and stotras dedicated to Lord Ganesh.
The fast is completed after the puja and sighting the moon. Offerings made to moon god include sandal paste, water, rice and flowers.
If continuous full day fast is not possible, especially for the pregnant ladies, then milk and fruits can be taken.
Sankaashti Chaturthi Stothram
Om Pranamya Sirasa devam Gauri Puthram Vinayakam
Bhaktavasam Smarennithyam Ayuh Kamartha Siddaye (1)
Prathamam Vakrathundam cha Ekadantham Dvithiyakam
Thrithiyam Krishna Pingaaksham Gajavakthram Chathurthakam (2)
Lambodaram Panchamam cha Shashtam Vikatameva cha
Saptamam Vighna Rajam cha Dhoomravarnam thathashtakam (3)
Navamam Phala Chandram cha Dasamam thu Vinayakam
Ekadasam Ganapathim Dwadasam thu Gajananam (4)
Dwadasaithani Namaani Thri Sandhyam Yah Pathennarah
Na cha Vighna Bhayam thasya Sarva Siddhi karim Prabho (5)
Vidyarthi Labhate Vidyam Dhanarthi Labhate Dhanam
Puthrarthi Labhate Putraam Mokshaarthi Labhate Gatim (6)
Japeth Ganapthi Stotram Shadbhirmaasai Phalam Labheth,
Samvatsarena Siddhim cha Labhate Naathra Samsayaha (7)
Ashtabhyo Brahmanebhyash cha Likhitwa yah Samarpayeth
Thasya Vidya bhavetsarva Ganeshasya Prasadathaha (8)
Ithi Sri Narada Purane Sankashta Nashana Ganapathi Sthothram Sampoornam.
What are the materials required for the Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja?
Materials needed for the puja are as follows:
For the puja, you will need-
- One Ganpati idol or photo (handmade or readily bought from market)
- Dhoop, Deep
- White sesame seeds
- Flowers especially Hibiscus or any red colour flower is considered favourite of Lord Ganesha.
- Dhruva twigs three, five or seven (We can worship with 21 or more twigs and at least one )
- Coconut (Breaking coconut in the name of Lord Ganesha is considered highly pious and auspicious as it drives away all the negative energy from your house and soul, and fills it with positivity.)
For the Prasad, you will need-
- Milk, Banana and Coconut.
- Modak, ladoos and those items or sweets which are liked by Ganesh.
- Payasam or Kheer made at home.
- Five kinds of whole fruits.
Where to perform the Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja?
The Puja can be performed easily at your home itself. But if anyone wants then the puja can also be conducted in any Ganpati temple near to your house or choice.
The rituals, puja and vrat can be done by yourself or by the priest, it depends totally on your choice.
Keep it simple and don’t go for any ritual or follow any method you are not sure of.
What dress should I wear while performing the Sankasthi Chaturthi Vrat?
There is no such specification regarding the attire to be worn during the puja. One can wear any traditional dress like ladies can wear sari or suits, and the men can wear dhoti or kurta-pyjamas.
Sankashti Chaturthi Puja Videos
Please refer to youtube for videos related to Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja. You can many videos in different languages too.