Sankashti Chaturthi

Sankashti Chaturthi 2019 – Dates, Time and Calendar

Sankashti Chaturthi is an auspicious day dedicated to Ganesha and most effective among all types of worship done to Lord Ganesh. This day is observed on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha (dark lunar phase) as per the Hindu calendar.

According to the Hindu calendar, each month has two Chaturthi Tithis. The Chaturthi Tithi after Purnima during Krishna Paksha is known as Sankashti Chaturthi and the Chaturthi Tithi after Amavasya during Shukla Paksha is known as Vinayaka Chaturthi.

Sankashti Chaturthi fasting is done every month. This fast is mostly observed in Western and Southern India especially in Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu.

Sankashti Chaturthi Dates & Timings 2019

DatesChaturthi Name Timings
January 24, 2019, Thursday Lambodara Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 11:59 PM, Jan 23
Ends – 08:54 PM, Jan 24
February 22, 2019, Friday Dwijapriya Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 10:50 AM, Feb 22
Ends – 08:11 AM, Feb 23
March 24, 2019, Sunday Balachandran Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 10:32 PM, Mar 23
Ends – 08:51 PM, Mar 24
April 22, 2019, Monday Vikata Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 11:25 AM, Apr 22
Ends – 11:04 AM, Apr 23
May 22, 2019, Wednesday Ekadanta Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 01:40 AM, May 22
Ends – 02:41 AM, May 23
June 20, 2019, Thursday Krishnapingala Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 05:08 PM, Jun 20
Ends – 07:08 PM, Jun 21
July 20, 2019, Saturday Gajanana Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 09:14 AM, Jul 20
Ends – 11:39 AM, Jul 21
August 19, 2019, Monday Heramba Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 01:13 AM, Aug 19
Ends – 03:30 AM, Aug 20
September 17, 2019, Tuesday Vighnaraja Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 04:33 PM, Sep 17
Ends – 06:12 PM, Sep 18
October 17, 2019, Thursday Vakratunda Sankashti Chaturthi,
Karva Chauth
Begins – 06:48 AM, Oct 17
Ends – 07:29 AM, Oct 18
November 15, 2019, Friday Gandhipa Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 07:46 PM, Nov 15
Ends – 07:15 PM, Nov 16
December 15, 2019, Sunday Akhuratha Sankashti ChaturthiBegins – 07:18 AM, Dec 15
Ends – 05:34 AM, Dec 16

Notes: All timings are represented in 12-hour format as per the local time of New Delhi, India. Also, the fasting day for Sankashti Chaturthi might differ for two cities within the same state.

Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat

Devotees of Lord Ganesha keep fast from sunrise to moonrise on Sankashti Chaturthi. It is believed that one can get rid of all obstacles by observing this fast.

The fast is supposed to be strict and only fruit, roots (the part of a plant which is below ground) and vegetable products are supposed to be consumed. The staple Indian diet on Sankashti Chaturthi includes Sabudana Khichadi, potato and peanuts. Devotees break the fast at night after sighting of the moon.

If continuous full day fast is not possible, especially for the pregnant ladies, then milk and fruits can be taken.

Sankashti Chaturthi Celebration

In North India, Sankashti Chaturthi during Magha month is known as Sakat Chauth. Also, Vinayaka Chaturthi during Bhadrapada month is known as Ganesha Chaturthi. Ganesha Chaturthi is celebrated by Hindus all over the world as the birthday of Lord Ganesha.

Sankashti Chaturthi is also known as Ganesh Sankatahara or Sankatahara Chaturthi among Tamil Hindus.

Ganesh Chaturthi Pooja Celebration
Ganesh Idols is worshipped on Ganesh Chaturthi.

What is the history and story of Sankashti Chaturthi?

There is an interesting story related to the importance of Sankashti Chaturthi. Once Lord Indra was returning to his home after meeting a sage. On his way back, Indra’s celestial plane lost its supernatural powers and fell down over the kingdom of King Shursen. Seeing Lord Indra, King Shursen came to greet him. At this, Indra told the King about the mishap and asked him for a favour.

It was believed that only the person who kept the fast of Sankashti Chaturthi holds the power to restart the celestial vehicle of Indra. The King then gave instructions to his soldiers to search for the person who had observed the fast of Sankashti Chaturthi on the previous day. But the soldiers found no one had observed the Vrat.

During that time, the soldiers were carrying a prisoner who had died that morning. Indra asked why a sinner is being carried by them. The soldiers replied that the sinner had fallen sick the previous day (Sankashti Chaturthi) and therefore did not eat anything for the whole day till the morning when she died. Therefore, though unintentionally but she fasted on the day of Sankashti Chaturthi.

Just then a wind passed by, first touching the dead sinner’s corpse and then touched Indra’s plane and eventually it restarted. Thus, it is said that the merits gained from the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat and Puja are so auspicious and powerful that it can remove all the obstacles and troubles from your life, provided it is done with full devotion and sincerity towards Lord Ganesha.

Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat (fast) and puja are also described in the Bavishyat Purana and Narasimha Purana, where we find Lord Krishna narrating the efficacy of Sankashti Chaturthi to Yudhishtira.

What are the benefits of Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat?

  • Sankashti means deliverance during troubled times. Lord Ganesha, the supreme lord of intelligence, symbolizes the remover of all obstacles.
  • It is believed that the Vrat observed on this day can remove all the hurdles from your path of achieving success, peace and happiness.
  • It can relieve men of all their sins and confer a place in the abode of Lord Ganesh called Svananda Loka and help in gaining Moksha (Salvation) i.e freedom from the cycle of rebirth.

Apart from this, the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat can also be done to

  • Get rid of the obstacles for marriages.
  • Be blessed with children.
  • Meet lost relatives.
  • Get relieved of all bad effects in their horoscope.
  • Remove Kuja dosha or Mangal Dosh.

When should I perform the Sankashti Chaturthi Vrat?

Sankashti Chaturthi is observed in every lunar month of the Hindu calendar on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha. The day is also called as Sankata Hara Chaturthi, exclusively devoted to Lord Ganesha.

Although Sankashti Chaturthi falls every month, but as per the Purnimant School the most important Sankashti Chaturthi falls in the month of Magha, and as per the Amavasyant School, the month of Paush.

The Sankashti Chaturthi falling on Tuesdays is also called as Angarki Sankashti Chaturthi (Angarak is the Sanskrit term denoting Mars – the Lord of Tuesday). Angaraki Sankashti Chaturthi is considered highly important among all Sankashti Chaturthi days.

During each month, Ganesha is worshipped with a different name and Peeta (seat). The ‘Sankashta Ganapathi Pooja’ prayer is performed on the Sankashti Chaturthi day of each month. Each Vratha (strict fast) has a purpose and has a story of its own called the Vratha Katha. This prayer offering has 13 Vratha Kathas, one for each month and the 13th story is for Adhika (The Hindu calendar has one extra month every 4 years).

Sankashti Chaturthi Pooja Vidhi & Procedure
Sankashti Chaturthi Pooja Vidhi & Procedure

The Sankasta Ganapathi Pooja – 13 Names and Peetas

MonthName of Ganesha of which the pooja is performedName of the peeta
Chaitra MasaVikata Maha GanapatiVinayaka Peeta
Vaishakha MasaChanakra Raja Ekadanta GanapathiSrichakra Peeta
Jeshtha MasaKrishna Pingala Maha GanapatiSri Shakthi Ganapathi Peeta
Ashadha MasaGajaanana GanapatiVishnu Peeta
Shravana MasaHeramba Maha GanapatiGanapathi Peeta
Bhadrapada MasaVignaraja Maha GanapatiVigneshwara Peeta
Ashweeja MasaVakrathunda Maha GanapatiBhuvaneshwari Peeta
Karthika MasaGanadipa Maha GanapatiShiva Peeta
Margashira MasaAkuratha Maha GanapatiDurga Peeta
Pushya MasaLambodara Maha GanapatiSoura Peeta
Magha MasaDwijapriya Maha GanapatiSamanya deva Peeta
Phalguna MasaBalachandra Maha GanapatiAgama Peeta
Adhika MasaVibhuvana Palaka Maha GanapatiDoorva Bilva Patra Peeta

What is the procedure of performing the Sankasthi Chaturthi Vrat? 

Sankasthi Chaturthi Morning Pooja

To perform morning pooja, you need to take bath early in the morning and offer a simple prayer to Lord Vinayaka (Lord Ganesha) by chanting the below slokas:

Mooshika vaahana modhaha hastha
Chamara karna vilambitha suthra
Vamana rupa maheswara puthra
Vigna vinayaga padha namaste

Then you need to light a lamp with Ghee or oil and chant 108 names of Ganesha. The Chants are favourite to Lord Ganesha and has to be recited thrice.

Sankashti Chaturthi Evening Pooja

Sankashti Chaturthi puja is usually done in the evenings. The idol of Lord Ganesh is decorated with flowers. Durva grass and fresh flowers are offered. The Prasad made for the occasion include modak and those items and sweets which are liked by Lord Ganesh. You can also offer banana, boondi ladoos, coconut and milk to the Lord. 

At the end of the puja a Vrat katha, specific to the month in which the Puja is being performed, is read. The devotees must chant the mantras and stotras dedicated to Lord Ganesh. The fast is completed after the puja and sighting the moon. Offerings made to moon god include sandal paste, water, rice and flowers.

Related Videos on Sankashti Chaturthi Puja

Sankashti Chaturthi – Puja Vidhi, Fasting Rules and Story of Sankashti
Sankastha Ganapathi | Ganapathi Sankashta Stuthi – FULL

What are the materials required for the Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja?

Materials needed for the puja are as follows:

For the puja, you will need-

  • One Ganpati idol or photo (handmade or readily bought from market)
  • Dhoop, Deep
  • White sesame seeds
  • Flowers especially Hibiscus or any red colour flower is considered favourite of Lord Ganesha.
  • Dhruva twigs three, five or seven (We can worship with 21 or more twigs and at least one )
  • Coconut (Breaking coconut in the name of Lord Ganesha is considered highly pious and auspicious as it drives away all the negative energy from your house and soul, and fills it with positivity.)

For the Prasad, you will need-

  • Milk, Banana and Coconut.
  • Modak, ladoos and those items or sweets which are liked by Ganesh.
  • Payasam or Kheer made at home.
  • Five kinds of whole fruits.

Where to perform the Sankasthi Chaturthi Puja?

The Puja can be performed easily at your home itself. But if anyone wants then the puja can also be conducted in any Ganpati temple near to your house or choice.

The rituals, puja and vrat can be done by yourself or by the priest, it depends totally on your choice.

What dress should I wear while performing the Sankasthi Chaturthi Vrat?

There is no such specification regarding the attire to be worn during the puja. One can wear any traditional dress. Ladies can wear sari or suits, and the men can wear dhoti or kurta-pyjamas.

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