Nag Panchami

Nag Panchami 2019 – Date, Timings, Story & Benefits

Nag Panchami Date for 2019 in India – Monday, August 5, 2019

Nag Panchami is a Hindu festival celebrated on the 5th day after the Amavasya of Shravan Maas (July/August). On this day, snake god Naga is worshipped for the welfare of the family. People offer milk to the idols and images of snakes. Snakes are considered dear to Lord Shiva, hence people also worship at Shiva Temples this day.

Planning to visit Shiva Temples this Nag Panchami, take a look at our-
5 Jyotirlinga in Maharashtra Guide
12 Jyotirlingas of Lord Shiva

Want to remove the defects of Kaal Sarp Dosh this Nag Panchami, read our Guide-
Kaal Sarp Dosh Puja – Procedure, Benefits, Dates, and Cost

Nag Panchami Date & Puja Timings 2019

Nag Panchami DateMonday, August 5, 2019
Nag Panchami Puja Muhurat5:48 AM to 8:28 AM
Puja Duration2 Hours 40 Mins
Panchami Begins6:48 PM (4 August 2019)
Panchami Ends3:54 PM (5 August 2019)

Why it is called Nag Panchami?

  • ‘Nag’ means snakes or serpent and ‘Panchami’ refers to the fifth day of the moon cycle.
  • Nag Panchami is celebrated on the 5th day after the Amavasya of Shravan Maas.
  • Also, snake god Naga is worshipped on this day.

What is the story of Nag Panchami?

As per the story of Mahabharata, Janamejaya, the son of King Parikshita of the Kuru dynasty, was performing a Sarpa Satra Yagna. This yagna was performed by Janamejaya to wipe out the race of all the snakes to avenge the death of his father Parikshita caused due to a snake bite.

A sacrificial fireplace started causing all snakes to fall into the Yagna Kunda (sacrificial fire pit). This scared the gods who then requested Manasa Devi to intervene. She then sent her son Astika to the site of the Yagna. Astika impressed Janamejaya with his knowledge of all the Sastras and convinced Janamejaya to stop the Sarpa Satra.

The day when the Yagna was stopped due to the intervention of Astika was on the Shukla Paksha Panchami of the month of Shravana. Since that day, the festival is observed as Naga Panchami since Takshaka, the king of snakes and his remaining race were saved from decimation on that day.

Nag Panchami Story
Sarpa Satra Yagna performed by experienced Sages.

How to do Nag Panchami Puja?

  • On the day of Nag Panchami, people worship Nagas, cobras, and snakes and offer them milk, sweets, flowers, and lamps.
  • People make the images of Naag deities of silver, stone, wood, and paintings on the wall.
  • These images are first given a bath with milk and water.
  • Then they are worshipped by reciting the following mantras.
Nag MantraMeaning of the Mantra
नाग प्रीता भवन्ति शान्तिमाप्नोति बिअ विबोह्
सशन्ति लोक मा साध्य मोदते सस्थित समः
Let all be blessed by the Lord of snake
Let everyone obtain peace and live without any disorder.
  • People also observe fasts on this day called as Nagravata (Nag Panchami fast).
  • Brahmins are invited for food at home.
  • People also paint pictures of snakes on their doorways and walls outside the home. Auspicious Mantras are also written over there.
  • Devotees also make a design pattern resembling a five hooded snake and then worship this image on the floor.
  • This day has the custom of making sweet vermicelli (Saivai) with rice. There is also another custom to eat stale food only on this day.
  • In many places, real snakes are worshipped and fairs are held.

Who are the 12 Serpent Gods?

There are several serpent Gods. However, the following twelve are worshipped during Nag Panchami Puja in Hinduism –

Ananta Kambala Shankhapala
Vasuki Karkotaka Kaliya
Shesha Ashvatara Takshaka
Padma Dhritarashtra Pingala

Importance of Nag Panchami

  • It is believed that snakes have more powers than humans since they live with various Gods such as Lord Shiva and Vishnu.
  • According to Purana, offering prayers to the snake on this day is very auspicious. It will give good harmony in one’s life.
  • Worshipping snakes on Naga Panchami will ward off poisonous snakes. It also protects people from the fear of snakebite.
  • The abode of snakes is believed to be in Patala-Loka and the lowest of the seven Patala-Loka is called Naga-Loka which is the region of the Nagas.
  • On this day, digging the earth for any purpose is considered very harmful. Digging will seriously disturb or harm snakes who reside in the earth.
  • In folklore, snakes are also depicted as deities of ponds and rivers and are said to be the embodiment of water.

Other Celebration on Nag Panchami

  • Bhratru Panchami – Naga Panchami is also observed as Bhratru Panchami when women worship snakes and their holes and offer prayers to appease Nagas. Sisters do this for the protection of their brothers so that when working in fields, their brothers do not suffer or die due to any snake bite.
  • Vishari Puja – Naga Panchami is also celebrated as Vishari Puja in some parts of India. Visha means poison here.

Kaal Sarp Dosh Puja on Nag Panchami

Snakes have relations with the moon’s position as per Hindu astrology. The head of the snake represents Rahu and its tail represents Ketu. If under the star’s position of an individual, all the seven planets are enclosing Rahu and Ketu in the reverse order, it denotes Kaal Sarp Dosh which became the reason for bad luck in that individual’s life.

This Dosh or defect can be removed by offering worship to the snakes especially on the day of Nag Panchami.

Kaal Sarp Dosh Puja
Kaal Sarp Dosh Puja Guide

If you have any questions related to Nag Panchami, feel free to leave a comment and we will reply soon.

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