Karva Chauth Date for 2019 in India – Thursday, 17 October 2019
Karva Chauth is a one-day festival celebrated by married women by keeping fast. They observe fast from sunrise till the moonrise and wish long-life for their husbands. Karva Chauth is one of the famous Hindu festivals of India and is celebrated four days after Purnima (Full Moon) in the month of Kartika.
Karva Chauth Date & Puja Timings 2019
|2019 Date||Thursday, 17 October 2019|
|Occurrence||4th day after Purnima in the month of Kartik|
|Celebrations||Entire Day Fasting by Married Women|
|Type of Holiday||Religious Celebration|
|Sunrise Timings||06:28 AM (Sargi Timings)|
|Moonrise Timings||08:31 PM (Breaking the Fast)|
What is Karva Chauth?
Karva Chauth is a fasting day observed by married women for the long life of their husband. Married women worship Lord Shiva and break the fast only after sighting and making the offerings to the moon.
- The word ‘Karva’ means ‘pot’ and ‘Chauth’ means ‘fourth’.
- Chauth – Karva Chauth is celebrated on the fourth day of Krishna Paksha in the Kartik month.
- Karva – The Karva Chauth fast is broken by drinking water from a pot with the hands of their husbands.
Why do we celebrate Karva Chauth?
- Married women celebrate Karva Chauth for the long and healthy life of their husbands.
- In ancient time, Karva Chauth was also celebrated as a prayer for the long life of Indian soldiers in the war.
When should we perform Karva Chauth Pooja?
Karva Chauth Pooja is performed four days (Chaturthi) after Purnima (Full Moon) in the month of Kartika. The dates for Karva Chauth is determined based on the position of the moon.
|Day||4th day after Purnima|
|Sargi Eating||Before Sunrise|
|Fast Starting Time||06:28 AM (With Sunrise)|
|Karva Chauth Group Pooja||5 PM|
|Karva Chauth Katha Timings||5:30 PM|
|Breaking the Fast||08:31 PM (Moon Worship)|
Who should perform Karva Chauth?
- Karva Chauth fasting and pooja is basically performed by the married women for the safety of their husbands.
- Girls who are about to get married can also observe the fast for their fiance.
- Unmarried girls can also observe the fast in the desire of a good husband.
- Pregnant ladies can also observe Karva Chauth fast provided they are taking care of a few things like medicines.
- Nowadays, husbands have also started keeping fast for their wives.
- However, the Karva Chauth fasting procedure is the same in all cases.
Can an unmarried girl do Karva Chauth?
Nowadays, unmarried girls have also started keeping Karwa Chauth fast for their boyfriends and fiancés. Many girls keep fast to get a desired husband in future.
There is no separate pooja procedure for unmarried girls observing Karwa Chauth fast. They can follow the steps of their elders in the family.
Can husbands do Karva Chauth fast?
In the modern era of India, where boys and girls have equal rights everywhere, husbands have also started observing Karva Chauth fast for the long-life of their wives. There is no restriction to that.
Can we keep fast during pregnancy?
Pregnant ladies can also observe Karva Chauth fast. But there are few exceptions for them. They are not advised to starve for a long time and they have to take a proper diet with medicines too. Here are a few tips for pregnant ladies during Karva Chauth:
1) While having Sargi, you can drink a big glass of milk along with the prescribed medicines.
2) As you are not advised to starve for too long, you can have fruit salad along with the juice. This will reduce any acidity, discomfort or nausea.
What are the benefits of fasting on Karva Chauth?
- The benefit of Karva Chauth fast to a married woman is that it provides long and healthy life to their husbands.
- Unmarried women benefits of getting a desired husband in future by this Karva Chauth fast.
- Apart from that fasting also has several health benefits.
- New neurons are formed in the brain during the observance of fast. This improves the functioning of brain and mental clarity.
- Fasting improves the immune system of a person by recycling old blood cells and creating new ones.
- It helps the body to flush harmful toxins and reducing excessive fat stored in the body.
- Fasting is also a quick way to reduce extra pounds quickly. Fasting aids in weight loss.
What materials are required for Karva Chauth Pooja?
The materials required for Karva Chauth Pooja can be bought one day before the day of Karva Chauth. The list of all those materials are given below:
- Sargi (Includes Food items & Gift items)- Prepared one day before Karva Chauth (Sargi Items Read Below)
- Mehandi or Henna – Applied one day before Karva Chauth
- Goddess Parvati Idol or Photo
- A small pot filled with water known as ‘Karva’
- Pooja Thali containing Kumkum, Akshat, Kalaava and a Diya filled with oil.
- Flowers and garlands for the idol
- Fruits and Sweets for offering
- Karva Chauth Katha/ Story Book
- A sieve to see the moon
What is a Sargi?
- Sargi or Sargahi is an early morning ritual on the day of Karva Chauth. In this ritual, mother-in-law of the women observing fast prepare a plate (thali) of various food items.
- This plate of Sargi is the traditional breakfast which is eaten by the married women before sunrise and after that, they start their fasting for the whole day.
- Along with the ‘Sargi’, the mother-in-law of the married women also gives various gifts to their brides as a symbol of love and care.
What is included in a Sargi & how to prepare a Sargi on Karva Chauth?
If you’re observing the Karva Chauth fast or sending a Sargi to your daughter-in-law this year, make sure these things are included in your Sargi thali to make it complete.
- Food Items:
- Cooked Food such as Mathris, light roti, a simple sabzi, curd, halwa, etc.
- Fresh fruits with high water content to stay hydrated
- Dry fruits like cashews and almonds
- Sweet items either homemade or from the market.
- Gift Items:
- Saree (more probably red in colour)
- Various items of Shringar like jewellery, makeup, Mehandi, bindi etc.
How to perform Karva Chauth Pooja?
The festival of Karva Chauth is celebrated with full grandeur and strictly followed rituals. The Karva Chauth Pooja can be split into three parts namely ‘Sargi’, ‘Karva Chauth Pooja’ and the ‘Moon Worship’. Each ritual has its own importance and should be followed strictly with full devotion.
1) Early Morning Pooja & Sargi :
- The traditional Sargi is prepared a day before Karva Chauth.
- Women can also apply Mehendi on their hands and legs a day before Karva Chauth.
- On the day of Karva Chauth, wake up around 4 AM (i.e. before the sunrise), take a bath and wear any traditional dress.
- Women should then eat the Sargi strictly before sunrise timings. (Sunrise Timings Given on Top)
2) Evening Pooja or the Karva Chauth Pooja :
- The fasting for Karva Chauth starts after eating the Sargi.
- The Afternoon Pooja starts at around 5 PM and can be done by women in groups.
- First, clean the area where the idol of Goddes Parvati is to be placed and make a Swastik with wet turmeric in that area.
- Decorate the place with flowers and garlands.
- Apply Kumkum & Akshat to the idol of Goddess Parvati and make offerings of fruits and sweets.
- Light up the Diyas filled with oil and incense sticks in front of the Goddess.
- Then, Karva Chauth Katha/story is read by the eldest woman and listened by all other. Some rice grains are held in hands during the Katha and later offered to God. (Read Karva Chauth Vrat Katha Below)
- Now, place the Karva or clay pot on the Swastik made earlier. Fill it with milk or water, tie a sacred red thread called mouli or kalava around the neck of Karva and apply rouli to it.
- Then, put some wheat and sugar on it or you can also keep 7 Maal-pua or puri on it. The Karva is later donated after the puja to one of the older women in the group.
- After that, all women sit in a circle and pass the Karva to each other by reciting:
- Karva le Karva le, Sada Suhaagan Karva le.
- Karva le Karva le, Saat Bhai ki Behen Karva le.
- Karva le Karva le, Saat Putron ki Maa Karva le.
- After this, you should fold your hands in front of the idol.
- The pooja is then concluded by touching the feet of all the elders in the family and the group.
3) Night Pooja & Moon Worship :
- Women should wear traditional clothes favorably red-coloured and get properly ready for the pooja.
- Prepare a pooja thali consisting of rouli, rice grains, a small diya of oil, water in a pot, sweet items and most importantly, a sieve.
- Once the moon rises, you need to light up the diya and go to a place from where the moon
is clearly visible. (Moonrise Timings Given on Top)
- Worship the Moon God with the pooja thali and a Diya in it. Sprinkle roli, rice and then pour some water in the direction of the moon.
- After this, put a Diya in the sieve and look at the moon through it and then look at your husband through the sieve.
- Your husband then breaks your fast by first giving you some water from the pot and then feeding you some food items from the pooja thali with his own hands.
- And with this, the Karva Chauth Pooja gets completed. After that, you can have a full meal with
Read Karva Chauth Vrat Katha – Story of Queen Veervati
There was a beautiful girl called Veervati. She was the only sister of seven brothers. When she got married, she kept her first Karva Chauth fast at her parents’ home.
As she was too young for the fast, she got fainted because of thirst and hunger. The brothers could not see their beloved sister in pain and hence, they came up with a plan to save her from further distress. They faked the reflection of the moon on a Peepal tree with a white sheet and fooled their sister. After seeing the fake moon, Veervati broke her fast on her brothers’ advice. Just as she completed her dinner, she received the news of her husband’s death. She left her parents home immediately and rushed to see her husband.
On her way, she met Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. The Goddess told her the entire trick played by her brothers and, though unknowingly, how she committed a mistake by breaking her fast seeing a false moon. As a result of which, her husband died. Veervati realized her mistake and asked for forgiveness. Goddess Parvati forgave her and asked her to perform the Karva Chauth Vrat again properly so that she can revive her husband. Veervati then performed the Vrat again with full devotion and by following all the rituals. As a result, her husband got alive once again and they lived happily ever after.
Another Story of a woman named Karva
Many years ago, there was a woman named Karva who immensely loved her husband. One day, while taking bath in a river, a crocodile attacked her husband and killed him.
Karva hence tied the crocodile with a cotton yarn and asked Lord Yamraj to punish the crocodile and revive her husband but Yamraj refused. Karva then got extremely annoyed and even threatened Yamraj with a curse. As a result, Yamraj immediately punished the crocodile and revived her husband. From that day, Karva Chauth is celebrated in the memory of Karva’s great love towards her husband.
What is the history or legend behind Karva Chauth?
- Each festival of India has a history or myth of its own which increases its importance and beliefs among the people.
- According to history, Karva Chauth was also celebrated as a prayer for the long life of soldiers going in the war.
- The reference of Karva Chauth Vrat is also found in Mahabharat Puran too, where Lord Krishna suggested Draupadi to perform this Vrat to help her husbands overcome all their problems.
Frequently Asked Questions on Karva Chauth-
No, It is recommended that the hair should be washed a day before Karva Chauth.
No, Karva Chauth is a type of Nirjala fasting which means the person observing the fast cannot eat any food items including water.
No, After Karva Chauth Pooja, you can cook anything to have but only except non-vegetarian items. Also, do not use onion and garlic in your food.
Married women worship Maa Gauri and Goddess Parvati on Karva Chauth.
We hope you have found all the information you are looking for. If there is any question, feel free to leave a comment.
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