Ganesh Chaturthi Date for 2019 in India – Monday, September 2, 2019
Ganesh Chaturthi is a popular Hindu festival celebrating the birth of Lord Ganesha. This festival is observed during Shukla Paksha of Bhadrapada month which usually occurs in August or September in the English calendar. The festivity of Ganesh Chaturthi lasts after 10 days on Anant Chaturdashi, also known as Ganesha Visarjan day.
Ganesha Puja Muhurat 2019
Ganesh Puja is preferred during Madhyahana timings as it is believed that Lord Ganesh was born during Madhyahana Kala. The Puja Muhurat given below are as per the local time of New Delhi, India, IST.
|Ganesha Chaturthi Date||2nd September 2019|
|Ganapati Sthapana and Puja Muhurat||Madhyahan (Noon) – 11 AM to 1:30 PM|
|Ganeshotsav Celebration||2nd September to 11th September (10 Days)|
|Ganesha Visarjan Date||12th September 2019|
|Ganesha Visarjan Timings||Morning Muhurat – 6:08 AM to 7:40 AM and 10:45 AM to 03:22 PM|
How to celebrate Ganesh Chaturthi?
- The festival starts with the installation of Ganesha idols at home or in pandals.
- Families decorate the place where Murti is to be installed with various flowers and lights. The pandals also have elaborate decoration and lighting.
- For the next 10 days, people worship Ganesha in the morning and evening along with the chanting of Vedic hymns and prayers.
- The worship ends after singing of an aarti in favour of Ganesha.
- Lord Ganesh is offered with different prasadam every day which is later distributed to the community and worshippers.
- The Ganeshotsav, festivity of Ganesh Chaturthi, ends after 10 days on Anant Chaturdashi which is also known as Ganesh Visarjan day.
- On the last day, Ganesh idol is carried in a public procession with religious hymns and chanting.
- The clay idol is later immersed in a river or sea where it dissolves completely.
- It is believed that after getting dissolved Ganesha is believed to return to Mount Kailash to his parents Parvati and Shiva.
Ganesh Visarjan 2019
- The day of Anant Chaturdashi is considered as the most significant day to perform Ganesha Visarjan. Anant Chaturdashi is observed 11th day after the Ganesh Chaturthi.
- However, many families do the Visarjan before that day too.
- Ganesh Visarjan can be done same day, after one and a half-day, 3rd day, 5th day, 7th day and 11th day after Ganesh Chaturthi.
- It is important to note that Ganesha Visarjan can be done only during the odd number of days e.g. 3rd day, 5th day, 7th day and 11th day.
Pooja Materials for Ganesh Chaturthi
- Ganesh Murti (from local artisans)
- Durva Grass
- Red Hibiscus
- Roli and Rice
Ganesh Chaturthi Prasad & Offerings
- Modak – The traditional offering and main prasad of Ganesh Chaturthi is Modak. It is believed to be the favourite food of Lord Ganesh. Modak are sweet dumplings made of rice, wheat flour, grated coconut, jaggery and various dry fruits.
- Different Names of Modak
- Marathi and Konkani – Modak
- Telugu – Modakam or Kudumu
- Kannada – Kadubu
- Tamil – Kozhukattai or Modagam
- Malayalam – Kozhakatta
- Karanji – Another popular sweet dish of Ganesh Chaturthi is the Karanji. It is similar to Modak in composition and taste but it is made in a semicircular shape. The Karanji is also called as Nevri in Goa.
- Panchakajjaya – It is an offering made to Lord Ganesha in various parts of Karnataka. This sweet is made of coconut, roasted Bengal gram powder, sugar, ghee, and sesame.
- Naivedya – In some areas, Lord Ganesha is also offered with Vundrallu (rice-flour balls), Panakam (cardamom flavoured drink), Vadapappu (moong lentils) and Chalividi (a jaggery mixture). These offerings are collectively known as Naivedya.
Who is Lord Ganesha?
- In Hinduism, Ganesha is believed to be the supreme deity.
- Lord Ganesha is widely honoured as the remover of obstacles and the patron of various arts and sciences.
- Lord Ganesha is also worshipped at first place before starting any auspicious rites and ceremonies.
- Ganpati is a Vedic term which literally means “Guardian of all the multitudes.”
What is the significance of Ganesh Chaturthi?
- The festival celebrates Lord Ganesha as the God of New Beginnings and the Remover of Obstacles.
- Ganesh Chaturthi is observed throughout India, especially in the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Goa, Telangana, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh.
- It is also observed in Nepal and various foreign places.
- In Mumbai alone, around 2,00,000 Ganesh idols are immersed annually.
What is the history of Ganesh Chaturthi?
In history, the earliest mention of Ganapati is found in the Rigveda. However, it is unknown when the Ganesha Chaturthi festival was first observed. It became a major social and public event with its sponsorship by Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
After the coming of British Rule, Ganesha festival lost its popularity and was limited to a private family celebration at home. Later, it was again brought back to its glory by the Indian freedom fighter Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. He was the first to install big idols of Ganesha in pavilions in Bombay Presidency.
Ganesh Chaturthi Celebration in India
- Navyachi Pancham, Goa – Navyachi Pancham is a harvest festival celebrated the next day of Ganesh Chaturthi in Goa. People bring freshly harvested paddy to home from the fields and then a puja is conducted. In Goa, Ganesh Chaturthi is known as Chavath Parab or Parva. On this day, women observe fast and worship Parvati and Shiva.
- Varasidhi Vinayaka Swamy Temple, Andhra Pradesh – At this temple, located at Kanipakam, an annual Brahmotsavam will be celebrated for 21 days starting from Ganesh Chaturthi day. Lord Vinayaka will be taken in a procession on different Vahanams on these days.
- Gowri Habba, Karnataka – The popular Gowri festival in Karnataka is celebrated one day before Ganesha Chaturthi. This festival is devoted to Goddess Gowri or Gauri, who is revered as the mother of Lord Ganesha.
- Pillayar Chaturthi, Tamil Nadu – In Tamil Nadu, this festival is also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi or Pillayar Chaturthi. It falls on the fourth day after the new moon of Avani month. The idols here are usually made of clay, coconuts and other organic products. Idol is then worshipped for several days and later immersed in the Bay of Bengal.
- Lamboodhara Piranalu, Kerala – In Kerala, the festival is also known as Lamboodhara Piranalu, which falls in the month of Chingam. In the city of Thiruvananthapuram, a procession starts from Pazhavangadi Ganapathi Temple to Shankumugham Beach. Devotees carry tall statues of Ganesha and later immersed it in the sea.
Eco-friendly Ganesh Visarjan
In 2004, the Madras High Court banned the immersion of Ganesh idols in water bodies since it produces chemicals that pollute the seawater. Also, the sale of Ganesha idols made of plaster-of-Paris has been banned in various parts of India. The decisions were taken to protect the environment.
Eco-Friendly Process used for Ganesh Visarjan – People are encouraged to buy traditional clay idols of Ganesh. People are also suggested to let the clay idol dissolve in a barrel of water at home. After a few days, the dissolved clay can be spread in the garden.
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Wishing you an eco-friendly Ganesh Chaturthi this year!
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